Think Your Business’s Identity is Safe?
Speak to friends, family or colleagues and there is a fair chance one of them will have been the victim of identity theft. Typically, criminals seek to impersonate an individual to either obtain bank loans or credit cards in the victim’s name. This enables the fraudster to purchase valuable goods, which they can subsequently on-sell. Meanwhile, the victim is left with a hefty bill.
It is one of the reasons many individuals now subscribe to credit reporting services, so they can be alerted whenever an application for a loan or credit card is submitted in their name.
Whilst there is widespread awareness of the risks of personal identity theft, far fewer people have stopped to consider the rise of business identity theft.
What is Business Identity Theft?
Business identity theft is where a fraudster seeks to impersonate a business, or specific individuals within a business, in order to obtain financial gain. Whilst the fraudster may seek to obtain loans or credit cards in the name of the business, there are a range of other attack vectors associated with business identity theft.
Most notably, a fraudster may seek to impersonate a business’s CEO or CFO in order to issue realistic instructions, usually via a compromised email account, to the accounts payable team to make electronic funds transfer payments to the criminal’s own bank account. Businesses that process large volumes of invoices are likely to be particularly targeted in this type of scam.
According to the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), instances of serious identity theft are increasing at an alarming rate. The AIC defines an instance of identity theft as “serious” if it meets one of the following criteria:
- A high level of financial loss (over $1.5million).
- A high degree of sophistication in the planning and execution of the offence.
- An offence committed by professionals (such as solicitors, accountants, financial planners or mortgage brokers) who breach clients’ trust.
According to this definition, the AIC estimates that serious identity theft cost Australia over $423 million in the financial year 2018-2019.
The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is at the forefront of national attempts to prevent the spread of this type of crime. It recognises that identity crime need not involve impersonating individuals, but rather may involve impersonating corporate entities. It defines identity crime as a generic term to describe activities in which a perpetrator uses either a fabricated identity, a manipulated identity or a stolen/assumed identity to facilitate a crime.
The AFP has identified three key categories of identity crime:
- Identity fabrication – the attempt to create a fictitious identity.
- Identity manipulation – the attempt to alter one’s own identity.
- Identity theft – the attempt to steal or assume a pre-existing identity (or significant part thereof), with or without consent.
What are the Effects of Business Identity Theft?
Whether a business’s identity is being fabricated, manipulated or outright stolen, the effects can be devastating for shareholders, employees and customers. It’s a serious and growing risk which every organisation, big or small, should be taking steps to prevent.
For fraudsters, the potential returns from engaging in business identity theft are far higher than individual identity theft. When a business is confronted with fraudulent loans or credit cards being taken out in its name, it faces an arduous task to clean up the mess. Whilst it may be possible to have the issuing bank void the losses, the problem is more complex in the case where funds have been wired to a criminal’s bank account. Usually, these funds are irretrievable.
Beyond the direct costs of such fraud, businesses will likely face a number of other significant challenges, including:
When a business has its identity stolen, the resulting lost income can make keeping up with bills payments a significant challenge. Consequently, there may be delays in the business’s capacity to make payments to suppliers, keep up with wages bills, not to mention the possibility of defaulting on loan repayments. The business may be forced into a position where it has to rapidly cut costs.
Impacted credit score
We know fraudsters regularly use stolen identities to apply for loans or credit cards. This could negatively impact a business’s credit score, making it harder to obtain financing in the future. This risk is particularly high for sole traders and other small businesses, where the owner is personally guaranteeing lines of credit. It could result in the owner’s personal credit score also being negatively impacted.
Impacted brand reputation
When a business is a victim of identity theft, it can have long-lasting effects on the brand. Customers, suppliers and other commercial partners may perceive that the business is insecure. This may lead to questions around whether the business’s information security controls can be fully trusted. The result could be lost market share and revenue.
How Can I Prevent Business Identity Theft?
Whilst businesses should seek to prevent all instances of business identity theft, in the event of fraudulently obtained loans or credit cards, banks will typically void these.
However, in instances where the business identity theft was used to deceive your accounts department into making electronic funds transfer payments to the criminal’s bank account, this can result in irreversible financial losses.
That is why you need a technical solution in place that can warn the accounts payable team that it may be transferring funds to an illegitimate bank account. Eftsure’s unique software integrates seamlessly with your online banking and ERP platforms to highlight suspicious outbound payments before they are sent. This gives your accounts team the opportunity to verify any funds before they click “send”.
If you suspect that your organisation is a target of business identity theft, you should report this to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission’s SCAMWATCH.
SCAMWATCH provides information to consumers and small businesses about how to recognise, avoid and report scams. By reporting any suspected scams, you’ll be helping the authorities understand the scale of the threat, allowing them to raise awareness so others can avoid being victims.
Contact eftsure for further information on how this unique Australian platform can help you avoid becoming another business identity theft victim.